Ukrainian leaders are bracing for an assault on the capital, Kyiv, by Russian forces.
137 people have been killed, including civilians, according to President Volodymyr Zelenskyy of Ukraine and about 100,000 Ukrainians have been displaced, according to the UN’s refugee agency, with many fleeing to neighbouring European countries.
In Russia, hundreds have demonstrated against the war.
Hungary is providing a humanitarian corridor for citizens of third-party nations leaving Ukraine, allowing them to enter without visas and transporting them to the nearest international airport, in Debrecen, according to Hungarian Foreign Minister Peter Szijjarto.
He also stated in a video broadcast on his Facebook page that the passage from Ukraine was continuous at five crossing points, but cars were queued for up to three to five kilometres on the Ukrainian side.
Amassing troops and equipment
President Vladimir Putin ordered the Russian military to begin amassing tens of thousands of troops and equipment near its border with Ukraine and in Crimea in March and April 2021.
This sparked widespread outrage and stoked fears of an invasion.
Armour, rockets, and heavy armament were clearly seen in satellite images.
By June 2021, most of the Russian troops had been evacuated, but the situation erupted again in October and November of that year when more than 100,000 Russian troops surrounded Ukraine on all three sides.
The protracted and ongoing Russian-Ukrainian War and the conflict in Donbas sparked the crisis, which began in 2014.
The Donbas is a historical, cultural, and economic region in south-eastern Ukraine, a portion of which has been held by separatist groups during the Russo-Ukrainian War: the Donetsk People’s Republic and the Luhansk People’s Republic.
In December 2021, Russia proposed two draft treaties containing “security guarantees,” including a legally binding promise that Ukraine would not join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and a reduction in NATO troops and military hardware stationed in Eastern Europe, and threatened unspecified military response if those demands were not met in full.
NATO rejected these requests and at the same time Russia was warned by the United States of “swift and severe” financial sanctions in the event of a second Ukrainian invasion
Many analysts characterized the crisis as one of Europe’s most severe since the Cold War.
The open but limited rivalry that arose following World War II between the United States and the Soviet Union, as well as their respective allies, was known as the Cold War. It was fought mostly on political, economic, and propaganda fronts, with only minimal use of weaponry.
Russia recognised Donbas separatists in February
When Russia declared the Donetsk People’s Republic and Luhansk People’s Republic to be independent states on February 21, 2022, it was widely seen as a departure from the Minsk Protocol. Russia then sent soldiers into the Donbas.
The breakaway republics were recognized by the Ukrainian oblasts, which extend far beyond the line of contact.
An oblast, in English, referred to as a region, refers to one of Ukraine’s 24 primary administrative units.
When Vladimir Putin declared that the Minsk agreements were no longer effective on February 22, Russia’s Federation Council unanimously backed the use of armed force in the territories.
On the morning of February 24, Putin announced that Russia had initiated a “special military operation” in the Donbas region, as well as a full-scale invasion of Ukraine.
Writing by Saadatu Albashir