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NCDC records over 3,000 cholera cases in 7 months

Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by the Vibrio cholerae bacillus. The disease spreads through contaminated food and water, reappearing periodically in countries unable to secure access to clean drinking water and adequate sanitation like Nigeria. It is a preventable and treatable epidemic-prone disease

3,610 suspected cases of cholera have been recorded in Nigeria from January 2022 to July 2022.

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) made this known in its recent cholera situation update.

The agency reported that 31 states reported the suspected cases in 2022 with Taraba having 676 cases, followed by Cross River with 650 and Katsina with 378 cases.

Other states are Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Delta, Ekiti, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Kebbi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Yobe and Zamfara.

According to the NCDC, between July 4 and July 31 (week 27 to 30), Bauchi (15), Borno (94), Kaduna (1), Kano (30), katsina (23), Yobe (3) and Zamfara (9) reported 175 suspected cases.

“There was 18% increase in the number of new suspected cases in July Epi week 27 – 30 (575) compared with June Epi week 22 – 26 (473),” the statement reads.

“During the reporting week, only 1 Cholera Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) was conducted. The RDT conducted was from Borno (100%) positive. 105 stool culture test was conducted from Bauchi 6 (17%), Borno 94 (0%) Kano 2 (0%), katsina 2(0%) and Yobe 1 (0%) positive.

“Of the cases reported, there were 10 deaths with a weekly case fatality ratio (CFR) of 5.7%.

“As of 31st July 2022, a total of 3610 suspected cases including 91 deaths (CFR 2.5%) have been reported from 31 states in 2022. Of the suspected cases since the beginning of the year, age group <5 years is the most affected age group for male and female.

“Of all suspected cases, 49% are males and 51% are females.

Writing by Tina Oyinsan