The Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria, TRCN, has called for the full implementation of the Safe Schools Declarations guidelines endorsed by Nigeria in 2015 and ratified by President Muhammadu Buhari in 2019.
Registrar of Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria, TRCN, Prof Josiah Ajiboye, made the call on Friday while delivering a paper at the 2022 National Delegates Conference of the Nigeria Union of Teacher, NUT, in Ibadan.
Prof Ajiboye said that over 2,295 teachers were killed in the North East between 2009–2022, while over 19,000 others have been displaced, and over 910 schools damaged or destroyed due to the conflict.
He maintained that over 1,500 schools were forced to close down due to insurgency and more than 600,000 children have lost access to education.
The TRCN boss therefore called on the Federal Government to review its security architecture to address the deteriorating security and violent attacks on schools.
He noted that as a way forward, federal, state and local education authorities should facilitate the immediate implementation of the National Policy on Safety, Security and Violence Free Schools, NPSSVFS, by making budgetary provisions.
Prof Ajiboye urged the Federal Government to increase domestic education expenditure of 50 per cent over the next two years as committed at the Global Partnership for Education, GPE, Education Summit.
Speaking on Impact of attacks on schools, he noted that “attacks on education could create lead to discouragement, early marriage, early pregnancy, and stigma associated with sexual violence and children born from rape, all of which can dramatically affect female students’ futures.”
He said schools used for various military purposes, as barracks for insurgents, further contributed to parents’ and students’ fears about the safety of sending their children, and especially their daughters, back to school after the insurgents had departed.
On the effect of insurgency on the economy, Prof Ajiboye said destruction of school buildings, classrooms, students’ hostels, staff quarters, laboratories, and equipment will require billions of naira to fix.
“The cost of security expenditure to manage violence and conflict as well as its economic impact, has increased since 2007, almost doubling from $69.3 billion to $132.6 billion in 2019, according to data from the 2021 Economic Value of Peace report by the Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP). Likewise, between June 2011 and March 2020, at least $18.3 million has been paid to kidnappers as ransom, according to a report by SBM Intelligence,” Prof Ajiboye noted.
He noted that attacks on schools and terrorism have reduced foreign investment in Nigeria, thereby putting much pressure on our local economy.
Prof Ajiboye explained that a school is considered to be safe if schools and learning centers are violence free environment, schools and learning centers can mitigate the effects of natural hazards; schools and learning centers could address conflict; schools and learning centers could prevent or mitigate the effects of everyday hazards; and school infrastructure is safe.
Reporting by Daniel Adejo; Editing by Abdullahi Lamino